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What is the difference between an Ophthalmologist, an Optometrist, and an Optician?

An OPHTHALMOLOGIST is a medical doctor and surgeon who attended four years of college followed by four years of medical school and four years of specialized residency. Ophthalmologists are involved in the diagnosis and medical/surgical treatment of all conditions and diseases affecting the eye in addition to performing comprehensive routine eye exams and prescribing glasses and contact lenses. They use a variety of lasers and operative techniques.

OPTOMETRISTS are eyecare professionals who attended four years of college followed by four years of optometry school. They specialize in the refractive state of the eye and primarily correct vision through fitting glasses and contact lenses. Optometrists do not perform surgery or lasers, and dispense only a limited number of ocular medicines. They are vital in often detecting eye problems and referring to an ophthalmologist for management.

An OPTICIAN works at an eyeglass store and is involved in the manufacturing and sale of eyeglasses.

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